News and Progress

Water for Lakes State

Programme for the Water Sector between South Sudan and the Netherlands

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News and Progress

The Dutch Association of Hydrologists (NHV) organised a conference day on ‘Dutch hydrology as an export product’ on May 12th in the Netherlands. In the morning there was a discussion on promoting Dutch hydrology abroad with organisations like Netherlands Water Partnership, Deltares and Vitens Evidens International. In the afternoon there were presentations of experiences from the field (Acacia Water, Arcadis and Wageningen University). Bart Goes (Mott MacDonald, hydro(geo)logist international projects) was also one of the presenters. His presentation covered common experiences and lessons on various water projects and examples of applying Dutch water knowledge. Furthermore, Bart gave some examples from projects in Afghanistan (Helmand Project) and South Sudan (Water for Lakes State Project). The questions raised after the presentation related to how to handle differences between realities on the ground and the Terms of References of projects, and difference in experiences with various donors (Netherlands Embassy and DFID UK Aid). A report on the conference will be published in ‘Flows’, the Journal of the Dutch Association of Hydrologists (in Dutch).


Our achievements:

During the recently completed six months project implementation period running from 1st May until 31st October 2016, the following key activities were completed and results achieved:


Water for Livestock

  1. Five Ministry veterinary staffs and one horticulturalist joined the VSF-G W4L programme on secondment.

  2. 48 new community animal health workers (CAHWs), selected from communities living adjacent to water points used by livestock herders, were trained for 21 days (14 days in the classroom and 7 days practical work in the field) in basic livestock disease management and control.

  3. 51 existing CAHWs, living adjacent to water points, received 14 days refresher training in basic livestock disease management and control.

  4. 99 CAHWs were equipped to return to their communities with a basic drugs kit, comprising fast moving veterinary drugs (for sale to livestock herders and agro-pastoralists); a basic veterinary instruments kit (including overalls and a field bag) and a bicycle.

  5. 99 CAHWs were trained for two days in small business management in October 2016: 2 groups in Cueibet; 3 groups in Rumbek (Abinajok) and 5 groups in Rumbek East (Pacong).

  6. 159,108 heads of livestock were treated by W4L-trained CAHWs (at the cost of the livestock owner) in the five months from June up to 31/10/2016. In addition, during the same period W4L-trained CAHWs vaccinated 74,706 heads of livestock on behalf of FAO.

  7. 40 persons (8 per county) were trained for 5 days in conflict mitigation and arbitration techniques: chiefs (5), elders (5), youth representatives (5), women representatives (5), Payam administrators (5), CAHWs (5), County representatives (5) and seconded staffs (5).

  8. 30 Pastoralist Field Schools (PFSs), each with an average of 30 members, were formed and established in 30 locations with CAHWs, from which 9 accessible groups (i.e., weather and road conditions permitting) were activated and operational through the reporting period.

  9. An existing PFS training curriculum (VSF-G / FAO) adapted for use at the 9 active PFS group locations.

  10. 9 out of 30 group facilitators were trained in group dynamics and in group leadership and training skills. The 9 groups meet weekly for training sessions. An average of 13-15 training sessions have been conducted per group to date.

  11. 12 groups of 25 persons (300 people in total) in three counties (Cueibet, Rumbek East and Yirol West) selected and trained to engage in scavenger poultry keeping and sale of poultry products. “Start-up kits” comprising 5 birds per person / family (4 chickens and one cock) supplied to 300 mainly women farmers.

  12. 15 private sector veterinary drugs retail outlets identified and trained on private enterprise development. Links between trained pharmacists and drug suppliers in Kenya, for re-supply of vet. drugs have been established.

  13. Construction / installation of overhead water storage tanks was initiated at the first 2 of the 5 livestock water yard sites where boreholes were drilled in 2015 and early 2016. Water yards are located at sites in former Rumbek North and Yirol West Counties, selected on the basis of two conflict-sensitive, socio-cultural studies designed to assess the suitability of potential livestock water yard sites. Construction work was suspended, before completion, due to adverse weather and road conditions.

Water for Agriculture

  1. Thirty (30) horticultural farmers groups (10 groups per county) formed and active; each with a minimum of 25 members, in the three 3 counties of Cueibet, Rumbek North and Yirol West respectively. Each member assisted to establish a kitchen garden and to engage in commercial horticulture activities. Drilling 15 out of a planned total of 50 community-based extension agents selected from communities living adjacent to water points were trained in basic agricultural extension skills (inclusive pest and disease management and control) to assist the 30 farmers’ groups.

  2. 30 horticulture groups provided with “start-up kits” comprising gardening tools and vegetable seeds, plus access to extension services / advice (as above) and all engaged in vegetable production for home use and sale.

  3. Thirty (30) village saving and loan (VSLA) groups (10 per county) formed and trained for five days in Cueibet, Rumbek North and Yirol West Counties, respectively. All 30 groups provided with metal “sanduq’s” (saving boxes) and stationery for record keeping.

  4. Two vegetable vendors groups formed and trained (40 vendors in total trained in business skills); one each in Cueibet and Yirol West Counties. NB: identified market vendors (and transporters) are to facilitate marketing of farmers’ produce and disseminate market information.

  5. Two vegetable transporters groups formed and trained, one each in Cueibet and Yirol West Counties. NB: training of identified transporters (and market vendors) comprised basic business management skills, such as product inspection / examination, quality control, transport, storage of produce, pricing, basic bookkeeping skills and training on operation of a VSLA.

  6. 10 groups of 25 members each formed in Rumbek East; 4 trained and 4 provided with horticultural “start-up kits”, comprising gardening tools and vegetable seeds, under a Joint venture initiative between the W4L TAT and the (Western) Lakes State Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Resources, Forestry and Fisheries, for implementation of a programme for improved nutrition and increased household incomes in two counties: Rumbek Centre and Rumbek East.

  7. 10 groups formed, 4 trained and 2 provided with horticultural “start-up kits” in Rumbek Centre County (as above).

  8. Two extension staff (one per county) seconded to the W4L programme to train farmers and supervise activities in Rumbek Centre and Rumbek East Counties.

  9. Preliminary actions taken viz. the construction of dedicated vegetable market facilities in Cueibet and Yirol, each with 20 market stall berths. Preliminary actions include preparation of Memoranda of Understanding signed between NPA and Town Clerks from both urban centres detailing land allocation of plots for market shelters; construction works modalities; hand over and ownership modalities etc.

  10. 3 capacity and training needs assessments (of County Agriculture Department (CAD) staff) conducted across three counties (Cueibet, Rumbek North and Yirol West), to identify appropriate training needs and needs of CAD departments mapped.

Water for Fish and Habitats

  1. Four Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Resources, Forestry and Fisheries staffs (two from Eastern Lakes – Greater Yirol – and two from Western Lakes – Greater Rumbek) seconded to assist the implementation of the SNV / W4L fisheries sub-project.

  2. Registration” of 840 vocational fisherfolk (673 male and 167 female) completed at 17 selected fishing camps on River Payei near Yirol town; on Lake Anyii, Lake Yirol and on the Nile near Lake Shambe.

  3. Training of 277 fisherfolk (210 male and 67 female: 33% of the total target group) in sustainable fishing practices, including Fisheries Department rules and regulations.

  4. Training of 318 fisherfolk (246 male and 72 female: 37.85% of the total target group) in net braiding of regulation compliant fishing nets.

  5. Training of 105 fisherfolk (70 male and 35 female: 12.5% of the total target group) in improved fish preservation and processing practice and methods.

  6. Construction of 3 demonstration “chor-kors” (fish smoking kilns) and fish cleaning and scaling slabs at sites in Greater Yirol (Eastern Lakes).

  7. Training of 52 fish traders (47 male and 5 female: 6.2% of the total target group but more than 50% of the fish traders group) in post-harvest fish management, inclusive improved handling and hygiene practices.

  8. Training of 70 fish traders (51 male and 19 female) in basic business management skills.

  9. Training of 10 fisheries staffs (from government and community-based organisations) as ToTs (trainers of trainers) for establishment of village savings and loan associations (VSLAs).

  10. Establishment of 5 VSLAs amongst fish trader groups in Eastern Lakes.

  11. Construction of two fish markets at Nyang in former Yirol East County and in Yirol town.

  12. Delivery (by SNV) of a fibre glass boat with an outboard engine to the main fishing centre and fish landing site at Shambe, in former Yirol East County, for use by W4L / Fisheries Directorate staff in outreach and extension and enforcement of department regulations.

  13. Organisation of a one week awareness raising and educational visit to key fishing and fishery sites in Uganda for 14 fisherfolk from Greater Lakes State and two SNV staffs.


  1. 80 new boreholes drilled from an eventual revised, planned total of 106 for 2016.

  2. 131 existing boreholes rehabilitated from an initially planned total of 194 in 2016. NB: At an average 300-500 users per each of the 450 boreholes drilled or rehabilitated to date, the W4L project has provided improved access to safe water to an estimated 135,000-225,000 people thus far.

  3. 313 WUCs formed and 264 trained (by 31/10/2016), from 394 boreholes for which responsibility for formation and training / retraining of WUCs has been contracted to five (5) NGOs (from a total of 539 boreholes to be rehabilitated or newly drilled in 2015 and 2016).

  4. All WUC training by NGO contractors based on the use of a “Lakes State Water Users Committee Training Manual”, compiled, discussed, edited and approved by all stakeholders (including DWSH), for use in all village-level training activities. Similarly, all pump mechanic training is based on an area-specific Pump Mechanics Training Manual.

  5. 115 participatory rural appraisal (PRA) meetings conducted and the PRA programme at least partially completed in six out of eight counties in former Lakes State (the exceptions being Awerial and Yirol East), to identify a projected 235 sites (115 for new boreholes and 120 for rehabilitations) for water point development in the 2016 / 2017 dry / drilling season (with selection based on a combination of verifiable need – population versus current borehole coverage – and the willingness of communities to form and operate village-level WUCs).

  6. 39 Village Sanitation Committees (each with 12 members: 6 men and 6 women) formed, trained and activated from a total of 42 target villages[1].

  7. 312 Village Health Volunteers (8 per village: 4 men and 4 women) identified, trained and activated in 39 villages.

  8. 805 home latrines constructed, serving an estimated 5,635 persons, in two payams (Amongpiny and Matangai) in former Rumbek Centre County, as part of an Oxfam-implemented pilot programme for the promotion of improved hygiene and sanitation, inclusive promotion of community-led total sanitation (CLTS) and construction of hygiene and sanitation infrastructure in public institutions such as schools and health clinics.

  9. Construction begun on the first 10 toilet stances of a planned 500 to be constructed in public institutions.

  10. Management Committee formed and trained (after an extensive mobilisation and public consultation process involving community, DWSH and county authorities) for management of the Hai Matar Water Yard in Rumbek town: the first of a projected 20 community-maintained and / or commercially run water yards, of which 16 have already been drilled and for which superstructure development (e.g. installation of photovoltaic solar panels and accessories and pressed steel overhead storage tanks) is already underway (through award of supplies and works contracts) at 13 sites.

  11. Following successful completion of a Works Contract tender process, a specialised construction company was contracted to construct storage facilities (a warehouse) in the Directorate for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene compound in Rumbek. Construction work had reached roofing level by 31st October 2016.

IWRM and Capacity Building

  1. Two new water level monitoring stations were established at Wokko and Mvolo on the upper Na’am River, to record wet season river water levels (from May to December). These two new stations augment the three existing stations established in 2015 on Bahr Gel in former Cueibet County, River Na’am in former Rumbek East County and on River Payei in former Yirol West County.

  2. 2 x daily river level monitoring at the 5 sites on Rivers’ Gel (1), Na’am (3) and Payei (1), including data collection from a “stilling well” containing an automatic pressure logger, installed at the river level monitoring station on downstream Bahr Na’am.

  3. Groundwater level monitoring at ~15 sites every 3 - 6 months and weekly monitoring in Rumbek town.

  4. Borehole surveys conducted in Rumbek Centre and Wulu Counties (each 80% complete, with remaining areas to be surveyed when accessible during the 2016 / 2017 dry season).

  5. PRA exercise conducted for selection of borehole locations for 2017 drilling campaign. Approximately 80 sites confirmed by October 2016. Work still on-going.

  6. First annual Lakes State “Water Resources Development in Former Lakes State and its Sub-basins” report (providing a comprehensive overview of water development across the State) compiled and published (in May 2016).

  7. Borehole database (established during the previous three reporting periods) continues to collect and collate information using field data collection tools, such as water point surveys, including GPS coordinates collection and field water quality test results; rainfall data; geophysical survey data (e.g. VES soundings) at planned borehole drilling sites, etc.

  8. Yirol West borehole survey data entered into data base and analysed.

  9. 2016 geophysical survey data and drilling contractor’s geophysical data entered into data base and analysed. Total number of VES soundings increased from ~100 to ~170.

  10. Groundwater level monitoring network data entered into data base and analysed.

  11. River level monitoring data from 5 sets monitoring stageboards entered into data base and analysed.

  12. On-going pumping-test data analysis (total increased from ~65 to ~150).

  13. Constant up-dating of W4L borehole data base (new and rehabilitated boreholes), in collaboration with SWIS / WASH component.

  14. Completion of preliminary assessment of existing (2013) draft Lakes State Water Policy (draft report) in preparation for ‘water yard management workshops’.


[1] The remaining three villages were abandoned by their populations because of localised insecurity.


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